In England, the archetype of the common law country, there is a hierarchy of sources, as follows: Our next source of law also comes from the Constitution. The Constitution gives the executive and the authorities it contains the power to implement laws passed by the legislature. Therefore, regulations are specific requirements that have the force of law and allow federal agencies to enforce laws passed by Congress. In general, if there is a law on a subject, the law is superior to jurisprudence, just as the Constitution is superior to legal law. However, judges interpret constitutional and legislative law, making jurisprudence a powerful source of law. A judge may interpret a constitution as adding or creating exceptions to its protection. A judge may also interpret a law as unconstitutional and unenforceable. This is called the power of judicial review (Marbury v. Madison, 2010). The four main sources of law are constitutional law, statutes or statutes, regulatory law and common law. The four main sources of law are established and maintained by the three branches of government: legislative, judicial and executive.
The second source of law is legal law. While the Constitution applies to state action, laws apply and regulate individual or private action. A law is a written (and published) law that can be promulgated in two ways. Most laws are drafted and passed by the legislature of the government. It is simply a group of individuals elected for this purpose. The U.S. legislature is called Congress and Congress votes on federal laws. Each state also has a legislature called the state legislature, and a state legislature votes on state laws. States often codify their criminal laws into a penal code. Justice is a source of law specific to England and Wales. Fairness is the case law developed by the Court of Chancery (now defunct).
 Justice takes precedence over customary law, but its application is a matter of discretion. The main achievements of fairness are: trusts, charities, estates and fair remedies. There are a number of right maxims, such as: “Whoever comes to justice must come with clean hands.” One can observe how the judiciary maintains the four main sources of law and monitors processes related to violations of the law, from the local and state levels to the Supreme Court. Each country`s legal system has its own sources of law, but for systems that promulgate constitutions, constitutions are the most basic sources of law.  A constitution is a charter that establishes the government and the rules by which the government must function. Compared to other sources of law, precedents have the advantage of flexibility and adaptability and may allow a judge to apply “justice” instead of “law”. The law comes from three places called sources of law. Federal and state legislation, also known as law, is the second major source of law in our legal system.
In other jurisdictions (mainly civil courts), court decisions are formally considered only as an interpretation of existing law and are not a binding source of law, although in practice they are often considered authoritative. A state may comply with international law, it may have a written or federal constitution, or it may have a regional legislature, but generally it is the central national legislation that is the ultimate source of law. Although a written constitution may seem to be the main source of the law, the state legislature can amend its constitution as long as certain rules are followed. International law may take precedence over national law, but international law consists mainly of conventions and treaties that have been ratified; and anything that can be ratified can then be denounced by the national parliament. [Note 4] Although local authorities believe that they have a democratic mandate to pass laws, the legislative power they exercise has been delegated by Parliament; And what Parliament gives, Parliament later withdraws. [Note 5] Each country`s legal system has its own sources of law, with more emphasis on some sources than others. When developing an infrastructure project, it is important to identify the sources of law applicable in the host country and their relative weighting. Here are the most common sources:  University of Idaho College of Law, “Sources of Law,” www.uidaho.edu/~/media/UIdaho-Responsive/Files/law/library/legal-research/guides/sources-law.ashx. There are various sources of law in the American legal system.
The Constitution of the United States is fundamental; U.S. law and common law must not conflict with its provisions. Congress creates a law (with the president`s signature), and the courts will interpret constitutional law and legal law. Where there is no constitutional or legal law, the courts work in the common law area. The same applies to the law within the fifty states, each of which also has a constitution or a fundamental law. In some countries, judicial decisions are authoritative and become a source of law known as “jurisprudence”. Case law may extend the application of the legislation and is considered part of the law. For decades and centuries, legal principles have been derived from customs. The divine right of kings, natural and legal rights, human rights, civil rights and customary law are the first unwritten sources of law.
Canon law and other forms of religious law form the basis of law derived from religious practices and teachings or sacred texts; This source of law is important where there is a state religion. Historical or judicial precedents and jurisprudence can change or even create a source of law. Laws, rules and regulations are the tangible source of codified and enforceable laws. Once you have gained a thorough understanding of this lesson, measure your ability to analyze the sources of law in the U.S. legal system, which include the Constitution, laws, regulations, and common law systems. Everywhere you look, there are people or systems that prevent us from hurting ourselves or other people that serve as a remedy in case we are hurt. Your mother or father could have been the source of the law in every way if you had behaved badly. When you play a sport, you know that the game is subject to certain rules, and officials are available to make sure they are followed. The same goes for almost every action we take in our daily lives.
These rules and regulations come from a number of places, and some take precedence over others. In this lesson, we will briefly discuss the sources of law in the U.S. legal system, including the Constitution, laws, regulations, and common law. Over the course of two centuries, the U.S. legal system has become a model for other nations around the world trying to craft a variety of laws. In this presentation, we discussed the four sources of law that interact, overlap, and work together to create a robust set of legal guidelines.  sourcesofamericanlaw.lawbooks.cali.org/chapter/administrative-regulations/ A constitution takes precedence over any other source of law and is generally very difficult to amend. There may be a separate court that considers constitutional issues, namely whether a law, regulation or administrative act is incompatible with the Constitution and therefore void. Of the three sources of law, constitutional law is considered the highest and should not be replaced by one of the other two sources of law. According to the principles of federal supremacy, the federal or U.S.
Constitution is the most important source of law, and state constitutions cannot replace it. Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Federal Supremacy are discussed in Chapter 2 “The Legal System in the United States” and Chapter 3 “Protection of the Constitution”. The U.S. Congress enacts federal laws that apply in all 50 states. An example of federal legislation is the Clean Air Act, a federal law that regulates air emissions from stationary and mobile sources of pollution. This law is a federal law and applies as such to all stationary and mobile sources of air pollution in all states of the country. Check. There are a number of rules that control our behavior in the United States. The authority of these rules comes from several places.